Wiang Kum Kam
Between the old and the present courses of the Ping River, 5 km south of Chiang Mai, the ancient city of Wiang Kum Kam was discovered. The city once prospered in a 3 km2 area that is now Tambon Thawangtan and Tambon Nongpung in Amphur Sarapee, and in Tambon Bahdad and Tambon Nonghoi, which are part of Amphur Muang.
Documentary evidence has accounted for the royal lineage, legends, antiques, and ancient remains of Wiang Kum Kam. The archaeological findings indicate that there was an ancient settlement in this area before the time of Lanna, (before the mid 13th century). Archaeological evidence discovered at Wat Chang Kham, such as engravings, Buddhist images, and earthenware etc. were all in the Hariphunchai and Lanna styles, indicate that this...
Wat Chedi-Liem is formerly known as ‘Wat Ku Kham’. Historical evidence indicates that the original temple name “Ku-Kham”, which literally means the golden stupa, is derived from the most significant structure within the temple, the main stupa. Chedi-liem or Ku Kham, the main stupa of the temple, was established in 1288 AD under the order of King Mhangrai, the first ruler of the Lanna Kingdom. The architectural structure of Chedi-Liem evidently demonstrates the influence of Haripunchai culture, as the construction resemble the square-based pyramidal stupa located at Wat Jamathewi in Lamphun, known as Ku Kud (literally means the missing finial stupa). However, the outer decoration including the Buddha images in the niches clearly indicates the influence of...
It is believed that Wat Chang Kham is the renowned temple ‘Wat Kan-Thom’, which has been repeatedly referred to in the ancient chronicles and oral histories. According to the chronicles, Wat Kan-Thom was built in the reign of King Mhangrai when Wiang Kum Kam still functioned as the capital city of Lanna. He commanded a craftsman called ‘Kan-Thom’ in his Royal Court to import wood from Chiang Saen, another city-state in the Kok river basin, and build a wooden viharn at the so-called Wat Kan-Thom.
As a few inscriptions with the name ‘Kan-Thom’ were recovered at Wat Chang Kham , it has been speculated that Wat Chang Kham might be formerly known as ‘Wat Kan-Thom’. However, it is also possible that such inscriptions were brought... view more